Decades ago on July 23rd, 1921, a group of Chinese revolutionaries formed a Chinese Communist Party in Shanghai. The party was founded secretly after the inspiration from the Russian Bolshevik Revolution. At that time, China was wrecked and deprived of strength as a result of the Civil War. On July 1st, 2021, the country has marked the centenary of its Communist Party.
In 1949, the country faced the backing of the rural population mostly however, the CCP achieved success in routing the nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek. In the same year, on October 1st, the People’s Republic of China in Beijing was proclaimed by the Chairman of the Communist Party, Mao Zedong.
After gaining power and authority, Mao made his attempts to boost industrial development in the country. But, he had some disastrous policies such as the Great Leap Forward of 1958. It was basically an agricultural collectivization campaign that ultimately resulted in the starving death of nearly 30 million people.
This was not over yet, in 1966, Mao pushed the country into chaos one more time with the launch of the Cultural Revolution which instructed the Red Guards to destroy the remnants of Chinese feudal culture. As a result, around 2 million people died in the country.
After Mao’s death, the new leaders of the party came up with better plans and policies since they were more focused on China’s political and economic reforms. They opened international trade and investment in the country. Since then, CCP has seen unbelievable and historic economic growth that also dragged out around 10 million people from poverty.
Now, this 100-year-old Chinese Communist Party is among the world’s one of the oldest communist parties. Moreover, the current President of CCP, Xi Jinping is the most powerful leader of China after Mao Zedong.
Infographic by: Aljazeera.com