It has become quite evident that the temperature of the earth has been rapidly increasing for the past few decades. The main contributor to its yearly augmentation is carbon dioxide. Therefore, the only way to stop the earth from emitting more carbon dioxide is to keep it suppressed. To serve this cause, technologies are being built called Carbon, Capture, and Storage (CCS) and Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS). As their names suggest, these projects have been developed to ensure that most carbon dioxide stays underground so the climate could be affected less. One of the major benefits of using CCS and CCUS is either preserving Carbon Dioxide to fuel other projects or protect the environment from any more damage.
Sources of Carbon Dioxide
There are countless sources of Carbon dioxide all around the world. Many production industries of gases like Hydrogen, Natural Gas, and many industries that convert biomass to fuel or Natural Gas to power emit gases of Carbon dioxide in massive quantities. Oil refineries, Aluminum industries, Cement, and Ethylene production industries have also added to climate change. All of these industries which have been operating all around the world for decades have made the situation too difficult to control. For years this waste of gases has haunted the entire system of the world.
Carbon capture solution
CCS and CCUS have been running on distinctive strategies to spare any more trouble with the help of several processes, namely combustion, separation, and Oxyfuel. The idea of CCS and CCUS has not fully conquered the attention of the entire world yet. With some running projects and the rest under construction, the initiative has begun, but it still has a long way to go.
Infographic by: Energyminute.ca