Assessments are an important part of the educational process at all levels. Assessments are used to measure and evaluate students’ learning at different stages of their studies. Every good teacher knows that the value of assessing your pupils’ knowledge, but what are assessments all about? And what do we mean by different types of assessments?
There are various types of tests administered under different conditions and varying through the age and proficiency levels. The most types of tests given in the classroom are diagnostic, formative, and summative tests, which can easily be defined as tests given to assess prior knowledge before teaching a subject or topic, tests given during the teaching phase to assess ongoing learning and tests given after a subject or topic has been taught to assess overall learning .
Tests also need to be reliable a.k.a. students perform consistently on them, and valid a.k.a. they are accurate at assessing what they supposed to test. An example of an invalid test would be an assessment of spelling in a science test.
Assessments are a vast subject, so if you are interested in knowing more about them, this infographic will be very helpful.